Tasmanian Devil — EN
Population Estimate: 10,ooo- 25,ooo
Range: Tasmania (Australia)
Primary Threats: Devil’s Facial Tumor Disease, shallow gene pool (low diversity), cannibalism
- This devastating disease caused the species to decline from 150,ooo in the 90’s to the present estimate. Cannibalism increases transmission.
- In the past, the Devils were highly persecuted and killed on the basis of predation on domestic animals. They were considered “pests”. At one time, 5,ooo were poisoned annually.
- Introduced predators, such as dogs and foxes, as well as road-kill also contributes to decline.